Configuring for Vagrant

The Juju Vagrant images are a way of extending the portability and ease of use of LXC containers to other platforms. The initial image is based on the Ubuntu Cloud Images. Juju is configured to use the local LXC provider and is preseeded with the latest LTS releases so deployments should be relatively fast.

Using these images gives you a couple of things:

  • A Vagrant development environment for developing your charms.
  • The Juju GUI accessible locally through your browser.
  • A functional, self contained Juju environment.

In short, enough of an environment to write and test charms or sandbox your Juju deployments.


The following instructions will help you get the environment set up:


To install vagrant and the other required tools on Ubuntu, run:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get -y install virtualbox vagrant sshuttle


  1. Fetch and install VirtualBox from
  2. Install Vagrant from
  3. (optional) Install Sshuttle. You can do this via homebrew: brew install sshuttle

Or you can get the source from


  1. Fetch and install VirtualBox from
  2. Install Vagrant from
  3. (optional) Install Sshuttle. (This requires the node.js binary for Windows)

Run: npm install sshuttle

Choosing "boxes"

Vagrant uses "boxes," as a way of distributing the virtual machine images. We have put all our boxes on the Ubuntu Cloud Images site. The quick links are:

14.04 LTS:

If you are unsure which one to use, try the 64-bit builds as most modern machines are now 64bit (x86_64 AMD64). If you need other versions of Ubuntu, check out the Cloud Images. These images are also listed on Vagrant Cloud.

Getting started!

Vagrant makes getting started really easy.

Create a directory to work in. This directory will be shared with the guest, and contain the vagrant configuration for the machine.

mkdir ~/vagrant
cd ~/vagrant

and run:

vagrant box add JujuBox <URL>

The URL can be from the list above or a local file if you have already downloaded a suitable box. For example:

vagrant box add JujuBox

This will download the box from the URL you specified above. The box will be named "JujuBox".

Initialise and start

Initialize this environment by running:

vagrant init JujuBox

Note: Vagrant boxes based on the Ubuntu cloud images are configured to use 2GB of memory by default. This is suitable for most charm development, but large charms (>500MB) may require more memory. In general, allocate an additional 1GB of memory for every 500MB of disk space that your charm requires. For example, a 500MB charm may need a Vagrant image with 3GB of memory; a 1GB charm may need 4GB; etc. See the Vagrant documentation for details on configuring Vagrant box memory settings.

Start your JujuBox with:

vagrant up

The box will start and configure Juju for you.

Step two

Access the GUI

In order to access the Juju GUI, go to: It may take some time for it to be deployed so you may need to refresh the page a few times. Once deployed, the GUI will display the password on the login page.

Step three

The GUI is only accessible from your local host. From there you will be able to deploy charms, add relations, etc.

Vagrant lifecycle

To shut down the machine run vagrant halt

To destroy it, run vagrant destroy

To SSH in, run vagrant ssh

Routing local traffic to Vagrant

Note: If your local network is using 10.0.3.x you will need to alter the Juju networking in the vagrant box, and substitute the network provided in the command above

Native routing (optional, OS X 10.10 and above)

It is possible to natively route traffic from your local machine to the LXC containers running within the Vagrant virtual machine:

sudo route add -net

This will only work until your next reboot. Instead, there is a way to create the route when you up your Vagrant image and tear it down when you halt:

Install the vagrant-triggers plugin:

vagrant plugin install vagrant-triggers

Add the config.trigger rules in your Vagrantfile:

config.trigger.after [:provision, :up, :reload] do
    system('sudo route add -net >/dev/null')

config.trigger.after [:halt, :destroy] do
    system('sudo route delete -net >/dev/null')

Now, when you up and halt your Vagrant box, the route will be handled for you.

Using sshuttle (OS X 10.9 and below)

If you want to use this environment for developing Juju Charms, you can do so with the aid of SSHuttle. This is a tool for using SSH as a VPN. When used with the Juju Vagrant images, it means that you can have a completely disposable development environment, you can use your preferred editor, and access your charms locally.

The box uses as the LXC network. To grant local access to that group, run:

sshuttle -r vagrant@localhost:2222

Use the password "vagrant"

Reporting issues with the Vagrant Image

If you encounter any bugs with the Vagrant images, please file a bug report.

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